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Abstract


THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF POST-NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT: A NEW THEORY OR A KIND OF GARBAGE CAN MODEL?

The New Public Management (NPM) approach has been the most popular approach in the field of public administration since the 1980s and has become a label. However, in recent years, this approach has been criticized severely and it is even claimed that NPM is "died" and a new approach called Post-New Public Management (Post-NPM) has emerged. Like the NPM approach, Post-NPM has become an umbrella term to identify and describe different reform trends. However, when the reform proposals and claims of this approach are examined carefully, it is unclear whether it is a new approach or a model that facilitates public decision making and reforms. Within the scope of this study, by examining the development of Post-NPM in the historical process; the differences between the previous mainstream approaches were investigated. In addition, based on the garbage can model, which is one of the decision making models, it was also discussed whether Post-NPM is such a model. As a result, it is seen that Post-NPM aims to produce solutions to existing problems by staying at the intersection point of many alternative approaches to NPM rather than being an approach. Therefore, Post-NPM, which is still in its early stages, corresponds to a garbage can model that can be included in the discussions of theory in public administration rather than being a theory. However, it can be argued that Post-NPM can turn into a theory with the increase of in-depth theoretical and empirical studies on Post-NPM in the future. However, as of its present view, it appears to be a useful approach or model for making public decisions and putting forward suggestions for reforms.



Keywords
New Public Management, Post New Public Management, Garbage Can Model



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