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Abstract


THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CO2 EMISSIONS ON HEALTH SPENDING: THE CASE OF TURKEY

Health expenditures include all kinds of expenditures such as protection development, rehabilitation and nutrition, which have the goal of health protection and development. It interacts with many factors such as the health of individuals, nutrition, health services, socio-economic conditions, environment. Damage to the environment has negative consequences for human health. Especially as countries develop economically, environmental pollution increases as a result of industrialization, the quality of healthy life deteriorates and therefore health expenditures increase. The issue of health spending is one of the main parts of the health economy, and recently the determinants of health spending are among the areas discussed theoretically and empirically In this study, the relationship of health care costs with environmental economic growth of Turkey's economy for the period 1980-2019 were examined using Johansen Cointegration analysis. The findings are the 1% increase in health expenditure shows that economic growth in Turkey increase 0.13%. In addition, it is seen that a 1% increase in the carbon dioxide variable representing the environment increases health expenditures by 2.62%.



Keywords
Health Spending, Economic Growth, Environment



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