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Abstract


LOCUST TAX IN CYPRUS

Taxation has been gathered more effectively since Cyprus was occupied by the British Empire in 1878. Besides the effective collection of taxes, only two new taxes had begun to be collected. After British occupation, locust campaigns were started in 1881, and arranged every year that the locust campaign expenditure supported by new tax namely “Locust Tax”. During the 19th century, one of the most important problems of the island was the locust, and the new administration invented this new tax to destruct locusts. There was no exact period for the collection of tax which had been spread through the whole year and, its rates were determined existing tax rates at certain rates. A significant amount of money had accumulated in the Locust Fund as a result of regular collection, this tax was a unique in the world that being picked up at certain rates from every person in the island. The Locust Fund, which was collected separately from the goverment budget, had also been used in the public works apart from the locust campaigns. The study examines the use of locust tax, the change of schedules, the number of years in which they were collected, the suspending the tax, and the different uses of the locust fund. “Ordinance No XII, 1881” known as the Locust Tax, and its Turkish translation are included in the text.



Keywords
Locust Tax, Budget, Cyprus, British Occupations



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